Drug ID: 1d00000001
Drug Name: Abacavir Sulfate
Generic Names: Virol | Abamune | Abcavir | Abavir | Abec | Abmune | Ziagen
Category: Antiretroviral Agents
Legal Status: Non Opioid Prescription only drug
Indication for Mother: Category C :
Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.
Recommended Dose: Adult - The recommended oral dose is 600 mg daily, administered as either 300 mg twice daily or 600 mg once daily.
Recommended In: This medication is an antiretroviral agent, prescribed for HIV-1/AIDS along with other medications. It blocks HIV replication and lowers the amount of HIV in the blood.
Directions For Use: It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with or without food.
Storage: Store it at controlled room temperature (20° to 25°C). Do not freeze. May be refrigerated.
Dosage Forms: Tablets
Side Effects: Abnormal dreams, uneven heart rate, sleep disorders, hypersensitivity, headache, migraine, nausea, fatigue, malaise, diarrhea, rashes, abdominal pain, stomach inflammation, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes) depression, dizziness, muscle/joint pain, lung inflammation and vomiting, anxiety, blisters or peeling skin, hives, itching, difficulty swallowing or breathing, vision changes or increased sensitivity to light, urinating less than usual or not at all ,and fever, chills, body aches & flu symptoms and lipodystrophy.
In Case of Overdose: There is no known antidote for abacavir. It is not known whether abacavir can be removed by peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis.
Call local emergency number and Take patient immediately to nearby Hospital.
Avoid If: Patients having severe liver impairment, and hypersensitivity.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of depression, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or heart disease.
Precaution to be taken if any new symptoms of infections such as pneumonia, herpes virus, tuberculosis, hepatitis, or a fungal infection are seen, while on abacavir.
Drug Interaction: Alcohol competes with abacavir for elimination from the body. Therefore, alcohol consumption may increase the concentration of abacavir in the body, and this could lead to increased frequency or severity of side effects from abacavir. Abacavir does not affect the elimination of alcohol.