Drug ID: 1d00000100
Drug Name: Ampicillin
Generic Names: Ampoxin Kid | Ampilin | Synthocilin | Broadiclox Inj (1 gm) | Ampilac Kid | Eradiclox Inj | Aviclox LB | Roscillin | Aroclox | C -D-Clox | Megaclox LB DT | 2 Pen | Cloxil (500 mg) | Amclofic | Campilox -LB | Wilclox -500 | Emulox Forte | Amsat | Premoclox (1 gm) | Combipen -DS | Aristocillin | Heliclox Kid | Bilactam Inj | DC | Sanclox | Ampilac | Kloxamp | Amcoplus | Synaclox 1000 | Syncocin | More
Legal Status: Non Opioid Prescription only drug
Indication for Mother: Category B
Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
Recommended Dose: Adult- The recommended dose range is 0.5 to 3gm every 6 hours or 4 times/day.
Child- 25 to 50mg/kg/day.
Recommended In: This medication is beta-lactam antibiotic, prescribed for certain types of bacterial infections such as UTI, meningitis, gonorrhea, pneumonia, bronchitis, ear, lung, skin and respiratory tract infections.
Directions For Use: It comes as a tablet, capsule, liquid and pediatric drops to take by mouth, on an empty stomach.
It also comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein or large muscle.
Storage: Store it at room temperature (20-25°C) and in an airtight container, away from direct heat and light. Keep away from children.
Dosage Forms: Tablet | Capsule | Liquid | Pediatric drops | Intravenous injection | Intramuscular injection
Side Effects: Body as a whole - Severe allergic reactions such as rash, headache, fever and hives.
Gastrointestinal - Nausea, soreness of the tongue, inflammation in the mouth, oral candidiasis, vomiting, enterocolitis, pseudomembranous colitis and diarrhea.
Hypersensitivity - Anaphylactic shock, redness of skin, skin inflammation, hives and inflammation of blood vessels.
Liver - Jaundice, moderate elevation of SGOT and liver inflammation.
Blood - Anemia and blood disorder.
Miscellaneous - Tooth discoloration.
In Case of Overdose: In case of overdosage, discontinue medication, treat symptomatically and institute supportive measures as required. In patients with renal function impairment, ampicillin-class antibiotics can be removed by hemodialysis but not by peritoneal dialysis.
Avoid If: Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney or liver disease, any allergy, asthma, blood disease, intestinal inflammation, stomach problems, hay fever, who are taking other medications, children, who are taking birth control pills, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
It may cause dizziness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Take full course of treatment.
Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise it may cause secondary infection.
Drug Interaction: Allopurinol: Increased possibility of skin rash, particularly in hyperuricemic patients may occur.
Bacteriostatic Antibiotics: Chloramphenicol, erythromycins, sulfonamides, or tetracyclines may interfere with the bactericidal effect of penicillins. This has been demonstrated in view, however, the clinical significance of this interaction is not well documented.
Oral Contraceptives: May be less effective and increased breakthrough bleeding may occur.
Probenecid: May decrease renal tubular secretion of ampicillin resulting in increased blood levels and/or ampicillin toxicity.